Throwback Thursday: Accepting Israel into the UN, 1949

For this week’s, Throwback Thursday I have decided to look at the acceptance of Israel into the UN. After World War Two, the majority of the Jewish survivors that had lived in Eastern Europe before the war found it difficult to continue their lives there due to “postwar antisemitism and the destruction of their communities during the Holocaust.”[1] Due to this, Jewish survivors had to once again find a place to rebuild their lives and communities. Thankfully they were welcomed into the newly created Israel, and, in the subsequent years, aided in the fight for the independence of Israel.

After Israel won the long-fought battle, diplomats attempted to apply for a place in the UN, but was denied. About one year later, Abba Eban stood in front of the UN, making the case for Israel’s membership. Once accepted, Israel vowed that it would pursue “no policies on any question which were inconsistent with…the resolutions of the Assembly and the Security Council.”[2] Donald Neff continues to Abba Eban’s address to the General Assembly of issues such as Jerusalem, refugees, borders, etc.

The post-war rush of refugees and the toll of the war for independence weighed heavily upon the newly formed Israel. In September 1952, Chancellor Dr. Adenauer and Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett signed an agreement whereby the Federal Republic agreed to pay Israel for “integration costs” after “the material harm caused by the National Socialist persecutory measures against the Jewish people” forced many people to find refuge in the Jewish homeland.[3]

 

Featured Image: Abba Eban Pushes Israel’s Application for U.N. Membership, Digital image, WNYC, n.d., Web.

[1] “Postwar Refugee Crisis and the Establishment of the State of Israel,” Holocaust Encyclopedia, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d. Web.

[2] Donald Neff, “Third Time’s a Charm: Israel Admitted as U.N. Member in 1949,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, 24 May 2011, Web.

[3] “Communiqué Regarding Restitution for Israel and the Jews,” German History in Documents and Images 7th ser. 8.14 (1952), Web.

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